Hassan Hakmoun, 1993

Hassan Hakmoun and his band take the ancient Moroccan musical tradition and update it with an upfront vitality. What results is part of the story of Gnawa which began as a music that spread from West Africa, the Sudan, and the Southern Sahara through centuries of migration until it reached Morocco.

Hassan's music is rooted in his playing of the sintir, the Moroccan three-stringed bass, and many of his songs have the Gnawa's timeless, nomadic quality.

The gift of the Gnawa contains shamanic powers which can heal, dispel evil, and mediate in the spirit world. Through the Gnawa's intervention, the spirits of the ancestors can return to guide, advise and give strength to the living.


  • Black Moroccan Gnawa funk rock... ...Trance is a world fusion that works Rolling Stone (1994) (USA)
  • Trance is an eclectic kaleidoscope of rock guitar, dance grooves, jazz improvisations and tribal beat. 19 May 1994 Herald Sun (UK)
  • ...this is spiritual, spiky and uncompromisingly modern music with organic roots. November 1993 Vox (UK)
  • a wholly convincing hybrid... ...which is one of the best results yet of the ‘world music’ explosion. The Daily Telegraph Mirror (1993) (UK)
  • psychedelic instrumental excesses from a team of Western musicians... Though there is a rootsy rawness to Hakmoun’s music, it is swathed in modern dance beats...and psychedelic instrumental excesses from a team of Western musicians... Folk Roots (1993) (UK)
  • ...Hakmoun conveys authority and passion... ...without ever sounding forced, combining riveting rhythmic attack with gritty, trance-like vocals. Top (1994) (UK)
  • Experimental world music for the nineties... The Guardian (1993) (UK)
  • ...there are some nicely crazed moments alongside the more contemplative numbers. The Observer (1993) (UK)