People’s Colony No. 1

Rizwan-Muazzam Qawwali

Released 14 May 2001

  1. The Jewelled Heart
  2. Solar East
  3. Beloved
  4. Tears Of Light
  5. Paradise Of Nada
  6. Garden Of Perfume
  7. People's Colony No I
  8. The Palace At 4 AM
  9. Wheel Of Heaven
  10. Love Moves The Sun

Liner notes

“The essence of a collaboration is people… what drives them, their dreams, aspirations, their daily rhythms. We’re not so dissimilar. On the journey I’ve travelled and worked alongside peoples of all cultures, tongues and walks of life – always improvising and never straying too far from the music.”

Thus speaks Neil Sparkes, poet, painter, musician and global dub professor. Neil and fellow traveller Count Dubulah remember one particular late summer evening in 1993 with vivid clarity. It was at the WOMAD Reading festival and the two young global tearaways, already famed for their work in the pioneering global fusion outfit Transglobal Underground, were experiencing their first encounter with the tender ballistics of the late and legendary Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan’s voice. It was, by all accounts, one of THOSE moments and in Neil’s own words “an intense, joyous and overwhelming experience.” The voice penetrated the blood and sinews and led to a deep interest in Sufism, the spiritual code that inspires Qawwali music from Pakistan. Neil explored the texts of the great Sufi poets like Farid Ud-Din Attars, Idries Shah and writers who embodied a Sufi aesthetic at one step removed like Paul Bowles. His interest was watered and fed by musical and poetical collaboratons with the likes of Kudsi Erguner, the Kurdish nay maestro, Hossam Ramzy, the Egyptian percussionist or ex-Last Poets wordsmith Jalal Nuriddin with whom Sparkes used to spend long nights discussing, cogitating, reasoning on Islam and Sufi’s most famous text ‘The Conference Of The Birds’ by Farid Ud-Din Attars.

All of this seemed to be leading with its own inexorable logic to Spakes and Dubulah’s direct involvement in a Qawwali project. The pair formed their own post-Transglobal vehicle for global sound exploration and called it Temple of Sound. The new vehicle came to the attention of Rob Bozas and Amanda Jones at Real World and they were signed to a publishing deal with Real World Works.

Meanwhile, in another corner of the Real World, Muazzam and Rizwan Ali Khan, the new stars of the great Ali Khan dynasty of Qawwali singers and grand-nephews of Nusrat himself, were looking to expand and ‘collaborate’ beyond the traditional frontiers of their music. Rashid Ahmed Din, who manages the brothers as he once did their famous uncle, takes up the story. “The idea of a collaboration came from me. Having worked with Nusrat in the past and now his nephews, who are carrying their family tradition, I wanted to follow in the footsteps of their Late Great Uncle. The group have been working with Real World Records for the past three years and now the record company felt it was the right time for them to have a collaborating album. It was the idea of the record company to collaborate with Temple of Sound. We never knew them or their work until they prepared some demo tracks for us while we were on our European summer tour. The demo work was very much liked by Rizwan and Muazzam and they were happy to work with Temple of Sound.” Neil and Dubulah were, unsurprisingly, rabidly delighted by the idea. Yet they were also conscious of the fact that such collaborations can often be shallow and cheap in spirit, driven more by marketing greed than deep musical connectivity. “We all agreed this was not to be a mere bolting of beats to the groups identity” explains Neil. “This was going to be 21st Century Qawwali – organic meets technological, moving all our traditions forward. For all of us the album is a clear signpost of where our growing family of musicians who have undertaken this particular musical journey over the last ten years or more have been and can go.” Furthermore, the collaboration had to be 50/50 or nothing at all.

Sparkes, Dubulah and engineer Cai Murphy got to work down at Real World, initially in the scary-sounding Bunker and subsequently in the studio’s famous Big Room. “The rapport was immediate”, remembers Sparkes. “Rizwan and Muazzam carry on their not inconsiderable shoulders the living Qawwali family tradition of several hundred years and with it bring their own insight and perception. Dubulah and I were keen to represent the ensemble feel and then target and highlight unique essences within the group.” Rashid Ahmed Din played a vital role of bonding the two camps together in the studio. “Initially it was a bit difficult for both brothers to understand what to do and when” he says. “It was hard to adapt the singing to a fixed rhythm track given that they were not experienced in singing to a click or even to a strict time scale. It was made easier by planning. Through my experience with Nusrat and other artists in the West I was able to assist them in the mechanics of collaborating with a western group.” Recalling the various sessions at Real World and then back in London at the studio in Wapping in the shadow of Hawksmoor’s St Georges Church, Sparkes word scintillate with poetic excitement. “You can hear the sunrise on ‘Paradise…’ the last notes of the track fading as night turned blue then dawn spilling through the glass walls of The Big Room. The same with ‘Palace at 4 am’ written in The Bunker in the small hours after wandering the grounds dodging bats. With ‘Solar East’ you get that vibe, the studio atmosphere electric, control room always full during recording, Rizwan and Muazzam with us all the way.”

The result of all these musical adventures is the album ‘Peoples Colony No 1’ which will see the light of day on the Real World label in early 2001. The family are all there, buzzing with the deep loping rhythms – Zafar Ali Khan the Bruce Lee of the tabla, the Cuban violinist Omar Puente sounding intriguingly Arabic, Jah Wobble and his booming bass shaking the fundamentals, Kevin Haynes injecting the spirit of Santeria into musical body with his percussion, Harry Becketts on the brass. As Sparkes recalls with pride, “At the end of every night – early morning, none of us wanted to leave.” The result is majestic, taking up the Qawwali story from where it was left after Massive Attack’s remix of Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan’s ‘Mustt Mustt’. There’s talk of taking the project out on tour and collaborating on further in the studio next year. Sparkes will no doubt fly!



TEMPLE OF SOUND: Neil Sparkes: congas, bongos, Egyptian tabla, zils, drums, keyboards, programming, batucada, Latin percussion, surdu COUNT DUBULAH: bass, guitar, programming, keyboards, strings, dub atmospheres & grooves, santouri RIZWAN-MUAZZAM QAWWALI: RIZWAN MUJAHID ALI KHAN: lead vocals MUAZZAM MUJAHID ALI KHAN: lead vocals RAHAT ALI KHAN: lead harmonium MUSHTAQ AHMED: second harmonium ZAFAR ALI KHAN: tablas ASIF MAQBOOL CHISHTI: side singer
M AURANGZAIB MUJAHID ALI KHAN: chorus singer MUSHTIAQ FEROZ: chorus singer ZUBAIR ALI KHAN: chorus singer FAZAL MIRAN: chorus singer
GUESTS: JAH WOBBLE: bass (1, 6, 10) HARRY BECKETT: flugelhorn, trumpet (5)
KEVIN HAYNES: bata drums, berimbeau, shaker (3, 4, 8) RONALD THOMAS: bata drums, percussion (4, 8) OMAR PUENTE: violin (6) LARRY WHELAN: midi saxophone (9) CAI MURPHY: additional drum programming (3), dub frenzy (10)

‘The Jewelled Heart’: music by Neil Sparkes, Count Dubulah, Jah Wobble, Rizwan Ali Khan and Muazzam Ali Khan; lyrics by Rashid Ahmed Din and Mohammed Aurangzaib Ali Khan; published by Real World Works Ltd/Copyright Control/WOMAD Music Ltd.

‘Beloved’ and ‘Garden Of Perfume’: music by Neil Sparkes, Count Dubulah, Rizwan Ali Khan and Muazzam Ali Khan; lyrics by Rashid Ahmed Din and Mohammed Aurangzaib Ali Khan; published by Real World Works Ltd/WOMAD Music Ltd.

‘Love Moves The Sun’: written by Neil Sparkes, Count Dubulah, Jah Wobble, Rizwan Ali Khan and Muazzam Ali Khan; published by Real World Works Ltd/Copyright Control/WOMAD Music Ltd.

All other tracks written by Neil Sparkes, Count Dubulah, Rizwan Ali Khan and Muazzam Ali Khan; published by Real World Works Ltd/WOMAD Music Ltd.

Produced by Temple of Sound aka Neil Sparkes and Count Dubulah
Recorded at Real World Studios, Wiltshire, UK and at Intimate Studios, London E1 Engineered by Cai Murphy
Mixed by Temple of Sound and Cai Murphy
Edited by Mike Willox at Loungescape, London
Mastered by Mike Marsh at The Exchange, London
Temple of Sound use Line 6 products (POD GTR and bass units)

A Real World Design
Art & design by Marc Bessant. Photography by Marc Bessant, Stuart Bruce & York Tillyer

Special thanks to Cai Murphy for long hours; Ben Steadman for all his hard work; Mr Rashid; all at Real World, WOMAD and Virgin; Idalmis Vertia; Stuart Bruce; Marco Migliari; Shaun Malroy at Line 6; Alexis Grower; Jah Wobble; Jake Slater; Terry Neale; Rick Mulhall; Michael Thomas and Nicky Touchard; Mike Hinc; Su Morfee; Bolly; Martine and Mark at Prager and Fenton; Eric Longley; Andrew Ross Collins and all at Interchill; Nicolai Beverungen and Echo Beach; 30 Hertz Records; Nation Records; Richard Porter at Proper Distribution; Mike Willox; all the Cuban crew; Simon Last for loan of bass; Lorien, Ayesha and Jazmin; Rebecca; Suki; Evan and patricia; Max Reinhardt; John T; Adrian Sherwood; Robin Williams and Paul for computer emergency!

Further Listening

  • LDA v The Lunatics

    Los de Abajo

    Released 20 September 2005

    LDA v The Lunatics is one of the more glorious moments in the history of clashes between global music styles ... and the best album Los de Abajo made thus far. The Latin ska band collide with global dance act Temple of Sound in a recording studio in Mexico City with explosive results.
  • Day of Colours

    Rizwan-Muazzam Qawwali

    Released 02 March 2004

    Rizwan-Muazzam Qawwali come into their own with a new-found maturity in their voices and a profundity in their approach that not only maintains and furthers a family tradition but develops their own identity as singers and breathes fresh life into a centuries-old style that has today become one of the glories of modern world music.

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